Drugs are classified together based on what characteristics they share in common. Typically, these characteristics include similar chemical structures, mechanisms of action, and related modes of action.
One of these classifications in what forms a type of hierarchy here are schedule two drugs. These are drugs that are commonly abused and lead to either a severe physiological or psychological dependence. There isn’t any medical use, only lots of safety concerns, with these drugs.
Common Examples of These Drugs
Drugs belonging to this class that are quite commonly abused include:
- Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)
- Methadone (Dolophine®)
- Meperidine (Demerol®)
- Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®)
- Fentanyl (Sublimaze®, Duragesic®)
- Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
- Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse).
- Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
- Dextromethamphetamine (Desoxyn)
- Secobarbital (Seconal)
- Pethidine (USAN: Meperidine; Demerol)
- Phencyclidine (PCP)
- Short-acting barbiturates, such as pentobarbital and Nembutal
- Nabilone (Cesamet)
- Tapentadol (Nucynta)
Unfortunately, physicians still prescribe some of these drugs as medications. Many of the patients who are prescribed these medications find themselves addicted to them later on. Some examples of this include:
Methadone is commonly prescribed to help those who are battling against drug addiction
Oxycodone is often prescribed to people who are suffering from severe, chronic pain
Ritalin (Methylphenidate) and Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) are used for treating attention deficit disorder (ADHD)
What These Drugs Have in Common
The United States Drug Enforcement Agency says that all the drugs in this class have certain things in common. This includes:
There’s a high potential for their abuse
Currently some of these drugs have acceptable medical use in the United States, but these uses are severely restricted and are only legal when prescribed by a doctor — doctors cannot give any refills for these prescriptions without seeing the patient first
Abusing these substances leads to severe physiological or psychological dependence
Signs and Symptoms of These Drugs
Since some of these drugs are legally prescribed, sometimes it’s difficult to know whether someone you love has a problem with addictin. There are some common signs people are abusing these drugs though. These signs typically include the inability to sleep, loss of appetite, sweating and shaking when they shouldn’t be, pupils that are larger or smaller than usual, unusual smelling breath, and hyperactivity.
It’s important for you to know what these signs of schedule two drugs abuse are so you watch for them. This is important because when they’re left unchecked, they can lead to some severe complications. These include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis.