All You Need to Know about Schedule 1 and 2 Drugs

DrugsThe war against abuse of drugs in the U.S has been persistent since the enactment of the Controlled Substances Act as a section of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. All the legislation have become the major cornerstone of the fight against drugs menace with the US Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) having the legal responsibility of ensuring that the law is complied with such as driving laws for example when it comes to needing to hire a Glendale auto accident attorney after a driver is caught under the influence of drugs while driving. The DEA has classified various drugs in what they call schedules. There are five primary schedules depending on a number of factors, including the potential for abuse, potential to cause addiction, safety, and whether the drug has a legitimate medical application in the field of health.

Schedule 1 (I) Drugs

Substances, chemicals and drugs that fall under schedule 1, are those which are considered to have no medical application and have a potential for abuse. Generally, they are considered the most dangerous among all the drugs. In addition, they have a high potential for abuse and come with severe effects.

Here are some of schedule 1 drugs as classified by the DEA

• Heroin
• Marijuana (Cannabis)
• Lysergic acid Diethylamide (LSD)
• Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy)
• Peyote
• Methaqualone

The other class that is closely monitored by the state Drug enforcement agency is schedule 2 drugs and substances. These drugs have a high potential for abuse though less compared to schedule 1 drugs. There continued use can cause serious psychological and physical dependence. Besides, schedule 2 drugs are highly dangerous.

Examples of schedule 2 drugs include the following:

• Methamphetamine
• Cocaine
• Methadone
• Hydromprphone (Dilaudid)
• Fentanyl
• Adderall
• Oxycodone (OxyContin)
• Meperidine (Demerol)
• Dexedrine
• Ritalin

The Controlled Substances Act largely regulates the use and administration of drugs undertakes a rigorous exercise of classifying drugs based on the existing evidence and the medical value. A schedule sets the foundation upon which the federal government regulates the controlled drugs. In the US, schedule 1 and 2 drugs are the most regulated with the strictest rules having been enacted to help curb their use and abuse. Effectively, schedule 1 drugs are illegal for any use outside of research work. On the other hand, schedule 2 dugs can be used for limited purposes but with the permission of the Drugs Enforcement Agency. For example, a drug can be licensed for limited purpose such as prescriptions.

The DEA is responsible for setting strict limits on the amount of schedule 1 and 2 drugs that can be manufactured at any given time. In fact, specific companies are allowed to produce such drugs or grow drugs such as marijuana. For example, a farm managed by the University of Mississippi is the only allowed to grow Cannabis and the purpose is limited to production of Marijuana for research. No prescriptions may be prepared for Schedule 1 drugs and their associated substances. They are also not common in hospitals for clinical use. Even though some states have legalized marijuana for recreational and personal use, it still remains a schedule 1 drug.

The question many people ask is whether some drugs can be rescheduled. It is not easy to unscheduled drugs from one class to another. This is because the classification is global and countries are bound by the international treaties that require certain drugs to remain under the classification as schedule 1 or 2. While scientific research and evidence may be used to prove that a certain drug has no potential for abuse, it is nearly impossible to unschedule it or change is classification.

Understanding Schedule two Drugs

CocaineDrugs are classified together based on what characteristics they share in common. Typically, these characteristics include similar chemical structures, mechanisms of action, and related modes of action.

One of these classifications in what forms a type of hierarchy here are schedule two drugs. These are drugs that are commonly abused and lead to either a severe physiological or psychological dependence. There isn’t any medical use, only lots of safety concerns, with these drugs.

Common Examples of These Drugs

Drugs belonging to this class that are quite commonly abused include:

  • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)
  • Methadone (Dolophine®)
  • Meperidine (Demerol®)
  • Oxycodone (OxyContin®, Percocet®)
  • Fentanyl (Sublimaze®, Duragesic®)
  • Cocaine
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • Amphetamines
  • Opium
  • Morphine
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse).
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
  • Dextromethamphetamine (Desoxyn)
  • Hydromorphone
  • Secobarbital (Seconal)
  • Pethidine (USAN: Meperidine; Demerol)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)
  • Short-acting barbiturates, such as pentobarbital and Nembutal
  • Nabilone (Cesamet)
  • Tapentadol (Nucynta)

Unfortunately, physicians still prescribe some of these drugs as medications. Many of the patients who are prescribed these medications find themselves addicted to them later on. Some examples of this include:

Methadone is commonly prescribed to help those who are battling against drug addiction

Oxycodone is often prescribed to people who are suffering from severe, chronic pain

Ritalin (Methylphenidate) and Focalin (dexmethylphenidate) are used for treating attention deficit disorder (ADHD)

What These Drugs Have in Common

The United States Drug Enforcement Agency says that all the drugs in this class have certain things in common. This includes:

There’s a high potential for their abuse

Currently some of these drugs have acceptable medical use in the United States, but these uses are severely restricted and are only legal when prescribed by a doctor — doctors cannot give any refills for these prescriptions without seeing the patient first

Abusing these substances leads to severe physiological or psychological dependence

Signs and Symptoms of These Drugs

Since some of these drugs are legally prescribed, sometimes it’s difficult to know whether someone you love has a problem with addictin. There are some common signs people are abusing these drugs though. These signs typically include the inability to sleep, loss of appetite, sweating and shaking when they shouldn’t be, pupils that are larger or smaller than usual, unusual smelling breath, and hyperactivity.

It’s important for you to know what these signs of schedule two drugs abuse are so you watch for them. This is important because when they’re left unchecked, they can lead to some severe complications. These include heart or lung disease, cancer, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis.